Numerous Families of butterflies have evolved 'false eyes' on at least the dorsal surface of the fore and/or hind wings. As the normal resting position for butterflies is with wings raised then the very same species with dorsal eyespots may have ventral eyespots as well. Still other combinations are used depending on the behaviour of the species concerned. In the case of the shade-loving Palm King, which ranges from India to South East Asia, the eyespots are only present on the ventral parts of the hind wing. The Palm King also has the tips of the produced to give the illusion of a 'snout'. This individual has used its deception as it was designed to give the butterfly a second chance to contribute to the gene pool.That leaves the back-up pair though I have yet to encounter one with both pairs missing. Amathusia phidippus extends from India, Thailand, southern China, Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines, Borneo to Indonesia and east across the Wallace line to Sulawesi and south to Lombok Island.
South East Asian ButterfliesSE Asian ButterfliesAmathusiidaeAmathusia phidippusBali Island butterfliesIndonesia butterfliesMalaysia butterfliesThailand butterfliesIndia butterfliesPalm Kingeyespot attack by bird
This is the Bornean subspecies of the handsome Koh-i-noor. The distinctive moniker came from Persian translation “Mountain of Light" referring to a diamond mined in India. This stone was the largest known at the time and passed through the hands of various invaders to reside today as one of the British Monarchy's crown jewels. Presumably the namer of this butterfly had seen the diamond and marvelled at the silky blue reflections, also seen in the male of this butterfly. The female however replaces the blue bar with a muted brownish yellow. The ventral surfaces of both sexes closely resemble a single dead leaf. Amathuxidia amythaon extends from India, Thailand, southern China, Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines, Borneo to Indonesia and east across the Wallace line to Sulawesi
South East Asian butterfliesSE Asian ButterfliesNymphalidaeAmathuxidia amythaon ottomanaAmathusiidae see NymphalidaeKutai National ParkBorneo butterfliesKalimantan butterfliesIndia butterfliesPhilippines butterfliesMalaysia butterfliesIndonesia butterfliesKohinoordead leaf camouflage